Lafiya ·Kimiyya Wadanne cututtuka ne za a iya gano su ta hanyar electrocardiogram

Lokaci: 2022-08-11

ECG ita ce mafi sanannun nau'in takarda mai zafi. ECG na iya yin cikakken ganewar asali a kan asalin tashin zuciya da aikin gudanarwa, wato, arrhythmia. , cututtukan zuciya na haihuwa, cututtuka na electrolyte da sauran cututtuka, na iya samar da tushen bincike mai karfi, don haka yana da alaƙa da nau'o'i daban-daban, shine mafi mahimmancin fasaha na gwaji na asibiti.

ECG tsarin sarrafa bayanai, kuma aka sani da tsarin cibiyar sadarwa na ECG. Ya gane ajiyar dijital na duk ainihin bayanan ECG ta kwamfuta, ta yadda za a iya adana bayanan ECG na majiyyaci har abada. Jadawalin ECG na gargajiya takarda ne na thermal. Bayan lokaci, ginshiƙi na ECG sun zama blush kuma ba su da tabbas, kuma shafuka ɗaya suna ɓacewa cikin sauƙi. Ga majinyatan da ake yi wa gwajin ECG, ana ajiye sakamakon kowane jarrabawa a kwamfuta, wanda hakan zai taimaka wa likitoci wajen kwatanta sakamakon binciken ECG na majinyata, da gano halin da majiyyaci ke ciki a kan lokaci, da kuma yin daidaitaccen bincike. Kowace sashe na asibitin an sanye da injin ECG. Marasa lafiya marasa lafiya na iya kammala gwajin ECG a gefen gado, kuma ana watsa sakamakon binciken zuwa dakin ECG ta hanyar hanyar sadarwa. , ta yadda majiyyata za su samu jiyya a kan lokaci.


Menene abubuwan jarrabawa a cikin dakin ECG?

1. ECG na 12 na al'ada

2. 18-gubar ECG
Kammala 18-lead ECG a lokaci guda, idan aka kwatanta da 12-lead, an ƙara bango na baya da na ventricle na dama, ta yadda jinin zuciya zai iya nunawa sosai, da ganewar cututtukan zuciya na zuciya, myocardial. infarction da sauran cututtuka na iya zama cikakke kuma daidai.

3. Dynamic ECG
Holter, wanda kuma aka fi sani da akwatin sawa, Holter, kuzarin sa'o'i 24, ana amfani dashi galibi don saka idanu akan arrhythmia, angina pectoris da syncope na wucin gadi, da kuma tantance ƙimar arrhythmia da aka kama, jagorar magani, da lura da magunguna. Ana iya tantance na'urar bugun zuciya ga marasa lafiya da ke da bugun bugun zuciya.

4. Hawan jini na asibiti
Hawan jini na gaggawa fasaha ce ta ganowa wacce ta atomatik, na ɗan lokaci, kuma akai-akai tana auna hawan jini a rayuwar yau da kullun ta kayan aiki. Gabaɗaya, ana auna shi sau ɗaya a kowace rabin sa'a a cikin yini kuma sau ɗaya a sa'a ɗaya a cikin dare, wanda zai iya fi dacewa da gaske ya nuna ainihin matakin da hawan jini na sa'o'i 24. Marasa lafiya masu haɗari sun fi fa'ida.
Ma'auni na bincike: Mafi mahimmanci kuma mafi yawan amfani da alamomi sune matsakaicin systolic da diastolic matakan hawan jini a cikin sa'o'i 24 (aikin farkawa) da dare (barci). Kashi na raguwar hawan jini na dare da tashin safiya da hawan jini.
Matsakaicin matsakaicin sa'o'i 24 na rana da hawan jini na dare yana nuna jimlar matakin hawan jini a matakai daban-daban. Matsakaicin matsakaicin ƙa'idar al'ada don cutar hawan jini shine 24h <130/80mmHg da rana <135/85mmHg dare <120/70mmHg.

5. Gwajin motsa jiki na plank
Gwajin motsa jiki na motsa jiki shine ƙara nauyin zuciya ta wani adadin motsa jiki, da kuma lura da canje-canje na electrocardiogram. An fi amfani dashi don ganewar asibiti na ciwon kirji, ganewar cututtukan zuciya na zuciya, lura da tasirin miyagun ƙwayoyi, jagorancin motsa jiki na gyaran gyare-gyare ga marasa lafiya na zuciya, da jarrabawar jiki a cikin masana'antu na musamman.

Binciken abubuwan da ke cikin rahoton ECG

1. Sinus rhythm
Babban kwamandan bugun zuciya shine kumburin sinoatrial, kuma kumburin sinus yana ba da umarni don samar da bugun zuciya, wanda ake kira rudun sinus, don haka rudun sinus yana daidai da bugun zuciya na al'ada.

2. Sinus arrhythmia
A gaskiya ma, sinus arrhythmia ba cuta ba ce, amma wani abu ne na ilimin lissafi. Yana da yawa a cikin yara da matasa, kuma yana raguwa da shekaru. Akwai 'yan alamun rashin jin daɗi, babu wata mahimmancin asibiti, kuma gabaɗaya baya buƙatar kulawa ta musamman.

3. Bugawa da wuri
Kar ku fara jin tsoro, bayyanar bugun da ba a kai ba yana da alaƙa da abubuwa da yawa, kamar cututtukan zuciya, damuwa na tunani, yanayin barci, amsa damuwa ta jiki, da dai sauransu. jiki, amma idan alamun bugun bugun zuciya a bayyane suke, ana iya yin sa ido kan Holter don tantance adadin bugun da ba a kai ba a cikin sa'o'i 24, sannan a tuntubi likitan likitanci kan yadda za a magance shi.

4. Banda ST-T
Lokacin da ka ga canje-canjen ST-T wanda sau da yawa ya bayyana a cikin rahoton ECG, kowa zai ji tsoro sosai. Ina fama da ischemia na zuciya ko cututtukan zuciya? A gaskiya ma, rashin daidaituwa na ST-T yana shafar abubuwa da yawa, irin su rashin aiki na jiki, rashin lafiyar zuciya, don haka kada ku cire cututtukan zuciya a kan kanku lokacin da kuka sami irin wannan rahoto, kuna buƙatar nemo likitan zuciya kuma ku saurari. shawarar likita don ƙarin bincike.

5. Electrocardiogram na al'ada ne, shin ina buƙatar yin wasu abubuwan dubawa?
Haka ne, echocardiography yana kallon tsarin zuciya, atrium, girman kogin ventricular, rufe bawul na zuciya, da aikin zuciya. CT na jijiyoyin jini yana bincikar zuciya don atherosclerosis da stenosis.

6. Ina bukatan yin azumi don ECG?
Ba kwa buƙatar yin azumi don ECG, za ku iya zuwa kowane lokaci, amma tunatar da kowa da kowa ya je asibiti don ganin likita kuma a gwada sanya tufafi masu sauƙi, daban-daban don sauƙaƙe gwajin.

Labaran Karshe