Lokacin da iyaye mata suka sami takardar B-ultrasound, yaya ya kamata takardar B-ultrasound ta kasance?

Lokaci: 2022-08-11

Gabaɗaya iyaye mata suna buƙatar yin gwaje-gwajen duban dan tayi masu launi 4-5 yayin daukar ciki, kuma kowane gwaji yana da mahimmanci musamman ga iyaye mata. Sannan, lokacin da iyaye mata suka sami B-duban dan tayi takarda, za su ga wasu ƙwararrun kalmomi a sama. , Yaya zan kalli takardar B-ultrasound? A ƙasa, zan gabatar muku da shi.


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A cikin rahoton B-ultrasound, iyaye mata masu juna biyu sukan ga kalmomi masu zuwa masu zuwa, menene suke nufi?


1CS yana nufin ana ganin jakar tayi ne kawai a farkon matakin ciki. Gabaɗaya, bayan kwanaki 35 na al'ada, ana iya ganin jakar ciki a cikin kogon mahaifa ta B-ultrasound. Jakar ciki tana da kusan 2 cm a diamita a watanni 1.5 na ciki da 5 cm a watanni 2.5.

Wurin jakar tayin na iya kasancewa a cikin fundus, bangon baya, bangon baya, sashi na sama, da tsakiyar mahaifa, kuma siffar tana da zagaye, m, kuma bayyananne kamar al'ada.


2. CRL ita ce tazarar kai, wanda ke nufin mafi tsayin axis na gawar gawa, wanda aka fi amfani da shi don tantance shekarun haihuwa na makonni 7-12 na ciki.


3. BPD shine diamita na biparietal na kan tayin, wanda ke wakiltar mafi girman nisa tsakanin gefen hagu da dama na kai, wanda kuma aka sani da matsakaicin diamita na kai, wanda za'a iya amfani dashi don kimanta nauyin jariri da girma.


4. FL shine tsayin femur tayi, wato, tsawon cinya, wanda ake amfani dashi don lissafin nauyin jariri tare da BPD.


5. Diamita na occipital-frontal shine nisa daga kashin hancin jariri zuwa carin occipital, wanda shine mafi tsayi daga gaba zuwa bayan kan jariri.


6. Ana amfani da tsawon sati na farko na zoben zagaye na kai don tabbatar da yanayin ci gaban jariri.


7. Dawafin ciki shine kewayen ciki, tsawon cikin jaririn na mako guda.


8. GP ya yi maki na mahaifa Tun daga farkon watanni uku na uku (makonni 28 na ciki), matakin placenta zai bayyana akan rahoton B-ultrasound. Gabaɗaya an raba mahaifa zuwa 0, I, II, III, da kuma wani lokacin III+.

Mataki na I ya nuna cewa mahaifar mahaifa ta cika;

Mataki na II a makare yana nuna cewa mahaifar mahaifa ta girma;

Ƙarshen mataki na III yana nuna cewa mahaifa ya tsufa. Sakamakon ƙididdigewa da ƙaddamar da cellulose, ikon mahaifa na jigilar iskar oxygen da abubuwan gina jiki yana raguwa, kuma tayin yana cikin haɗari a kowane lokaci.


9. AFI yayi lokacin B don ma'aunin ruwan amniotic. Ɗaukar cibin mai ciki a matsayin cibiyar, an raba shi zuwa wurare 4: babba, ƙasa, hagu da dama. Ana ƙara zurfin ruwan amniotic na wurare 4 don samun ma'aunin ruwan amniotic. Matsakaicin al'ada shine 8-18 cm.


10. S/D shine rabon jini na cibiya systolic na tayi zuwa hawan jini na diastolic, wanda ke da alaƙa da samar da jinin tayi. Lokacin da aikin mahaifa ya yi rauni ko igiyar cibiya ba ta da kyau, wannan rabo zai zama mara kyau. A cikin al'ada ciki, tayin yana buƙatar ƙara S yayin da shekarun haihuwa ya karu. Rage raguwa, D yana ƙaruwa, rabo ya ragu, S / D bai wuce 3 a cikin ciki na kusa ba.


Editan da ke sama ya gabatar muku da yadda ake karanta ƙwararrun kalmomi akan takardar B-ultrasound. Idan kuna buƙatar keɓance takarda B-ultrasound, zaku iya tuntuɓar kan layi.

Labaran Karshe